Nanchang is the capital city of Jiangxi Province and the political, economic, cultural, technological and traffic center of the province, one of central cities of urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, a core city of Poyang Lake Ecological and Economic Zone, and a national famous historical and cultural city named by the State Council, administering three counties (Nanchang County, Jinxian County and Anyi County), six districts (Donghu District, Xihu District, Qingyunpu District, Wanli District, Qingshanhu District and Xinjian District), three state-level Development Zones (Nanchang High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Nanchang Economic and Technological Development Zone and Nanchang Xiaolan Economic and Technological Development Zone) as well as Honggutan New District, Airport Economic Zone and Integrated Bonded Zone, area totaling 7402km2, with total population of 5.3 million.
Historical Famous City
First built in 202 BC, with over 2200-year history, Nanchang
is filled with abundant cultural inheritance and precious humanities imprints,
having been reputed as “full of nature’s treasures and outstanding people”
since ancient times. There are many celebrities born in Nanchang, having
cultivated Ling Lun (Mr. Hong Ya)—the founder of Chinese music, Xu Ruzi—a
profound scholar in Nanzhou of Han Dynasty, Xu Xun—the founder of Jingming Sect
and a water conservancy expert in the Jin Dynasty, Ba Da Shan Ren (Zhu Da)—a
master of freehand brush work in the late Ming and early Qing dynasty, and so
on. Masters in past dynasties like Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming had left famous
stories and anecdotes in Nanchang. Nanchang possesses a lot of cultural relics,
having more than 600 ancient cultural relics; Tengwang Pavilion is reputed as
“one of three famous towers in Jiangnan”, and Wang Bo, a famous poet in the
Tang Dynasty, once wrote the famous lines here, “Proud eagle flies high in the
sky, with rosy clouds floating aside”. Xishan Wanshou Palace is the birthplace
of filial piety of Taoist Jingming Sect; Shengjin Tower stands like a giant for
over 1100 years, and it is the treasure of Nanchang”; the archaeological
discovery of Haihun Marquis tomb astonishes the world. Meanwhile, Nanchang is
the cradle of Chinese people’s army and the cradle of the idea of reform and
opening-up of China, named as national historical and cultural famous city by
the State Council.
“Proud eagle flies high in the sky, with rosy clouds floating
aside”. It is not only the poetic description of the beautiful scenery of
Nanchang in history, but also the truly reflection of the ecological
environment of modern Nanchang. Nanchang is situated near the mountains and by
the waters, with Meiling West Mountains in the west, Ganjiang River passing
through the city, and two rivers and eight lakes interspersed. The wetland area
reaches 55%, city greening coverage rate reaches 43% and water area reaches
29.78%; Nanchang is a provincial capital city with the largest water area proportion
among all the provincial capital cities, and it is awarded National Civilized
City, National Hygiene City, National Garden City and National Forest City
successively, reputed as “forest city, garden Nanchang”.
Industrial New City
Nanchang, broad in development space, is planning to take four years (2017-2020) to fully propel and implement “tens of billions” project, mainly building four major strategic emerging pillar industries (auto and new energy vehicle, electronic information, biomedicine, aviation equipment), four major characteristic advantageous traditional industries (food, textile and apparel, materials manufacturing, mechanical and electrical manufacturing) and several producer service industries (industrial design, sci-tech consultation, inspection and detection, information service, financial service, mass entrepreneurship and innovation development, intelligent logistics), forming “4+4+X” new-type industrial development system.
Nanchang, reputed as one of global ten major vigorous cities, develops with rapid change and full vigor. Traffic network in Nanchang leads to all directions, with railway, highway, waterway and airway blending as a whole. The rail freight line from Nanchang to Rotterdam in the Netherlands has been opened, and it only takes a dozen of days for cargos to reach Rotterdam. Direct route from Nanchang to Los Angeles was realized for the first time, having initiated a new era of intercontinental airline. Besides, the opening and operation of Rail Transit Line 1 makes Nanchang officially step into “subway era”. Especially the opening of Shanghai-Kunming High Speed Railway makes Nanchang rapidly step into “high speed rail era”, linking with surrounding cities to become one-hour high speed rail economic circle.