Nanchang connects to Shanghai-Kunming High-speed Rail and Nanchang-Jiujiang Intercity Rail, also having Shanghai-Kunming, Beijing-Kowloon and Xiangtang-Putian Railways, as well as west ring line of the hub. Nanchang-Ji’an-Ganzhou High-speed Rail is also under construction, which is an important railway transport hub. In the future, Nanchang will plan to form “three major” passenger terminal layout of Nanchang Railway Station, Nanchangxi Railway Station and Nanchangdong Railway Station, gradually forming ring-type radial-pattern railroad junction connecting to such six directions as Changsha, Hangzhou, Fuzhou, Jiujiang, Ganzhou and Huangshan and such 8 main lines as Shanghai-Kunming, Nanchang-Ji’an-Ganzhou, Nanchang-Jingdezhen-Huangshan, Nanchang-Jiujiang High-speed Rail, Nanchang-Jiujiang Intercity Rail, Xiangtang-Putian, Beijing-Kowloon and Shanghai-Kunming Railways. The following has been realized at present with the constantly perfecting surrounding road network in 2017:
※ Northward—Beijing: it takes 6 hours 17 minutes from Nanchang to Beijing
※ Eastward—Hangzhou, Shanghai: it takes 2 hours and 13 minutes from Nanchang to Hangzhou, and 3 hours and 3 minutes to Shanghai
※ Southward—Guangzhou, Shenzhen: it takes 3 hours and 47 minutes from Nanchang to Guangzhou, and 5 hours and 16 minutes to Shenzhen
※ Westward—Changsha, Chengdu: it takes 1 hour and 21 minutes from Nanchang to Changsha, and 9 hours and 56 minutes to Chengdu
※ Southeastward—Fuzhou, Xiamen: it takes 2 hours and 49 minutes from Nanchang to Fuzhou, and 4 hours and 26 minutes to Xiamen
Nanchang has 29 highways, with total mileage of 969.881 kilometers, including 5 national highways with a mileage of 285.353 kilometers and 23 provincial highways with a mileage of 684.528 kilometers. Such highways as Gan-Yue, Jing-Fu, Chang-Jiu, Chang-Zhang, Wen-Hou, Li-Wen, De-Chang, and etc. and three national highways as 105 (Jing-Zhu), 316 (Fu-Lan) and 320 (Hu-Kun) interchange in Nanchang; it takes only 6 hours to get Shanghai, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui and other surrounding provinces from Nanchang, forming a “six-hour economic circle” with Nanchang being the center, in which gathers over one third of the national population and creates over one half of the national economic aggregate. The fast transport network in the city has taken its initial shape setting Changdong Avenue, Shengmi Bridge, city high-speed outer ring and Changwan Avenue as key points; highways in municipal districts have also formed a network, taking about half an hour to municipal central town.
The planning for rail transit network in Nanchang appears grid + radial structure, comprised of 5 lines, with the total length of 198km, having 146 stations. Lines 1, 2, 3 and 4 form a “matts” in old city center, appearing central radial pattern integrally, supporting the development of the center and the connection between central city and periphery area; Line 5 is the half-ring line mainly serving periphery area, leading the development of periphery area. The Phase 1 project of Line 1 covers a total length of 28.8km and establishes 24 stations; it has been completed and opened to traffic in the end of 2015. The Phase 1 project of Line 2 and its extended line cover a total length of 31.2km and establish 28 stations, 17 of which were opened for trial operation in August 2017, and the rest 11 stations will be opened for trial operation in May 2017. Line 3 covers a total length of 28.5km and establishes 22 stations, the construction of which was commenced in December 2015. Line 4 covers a total length of 39.6km and establishes 29 stations, the construction of which was commenced in December 2017.
Nanchang Changbei International Airport is 4E level, only 30 minutes away from downtown. The new airport terminal covers an area of 97,000m2 with 45 aircraft stands, able to take off and land with full weight large-scale passenger aircraft like Boeing 747 and etc., meeting the demand of passenger traffic volume of 12 million annually. Based on Nanchang Changbei International Airport, Nanchang aviation port opens to the outside world, having opened a lot of airlines leading to major cities and regions at home and abroad. In 2017, Nanchang Changbei International Airport opened 142 air routes in total, successively navigable to 79 cities, including 13 internationally navigable cities, 3 regional cities and 63 domestic cities. In terms of international air routes, Nanchang for the first time opened intercontinental airline from Nanchang to Cairo and Aswan in Egypt in 2017.
In 2017, the passenger throughout in Nanchang Changbei International Airport achieved 10.937 million persons, increasing 39.1% year on year; the international (regional) passenger throughout achieved 620,005 persons, increasing 13.2%; the cargo throughout achieved 52,262.4 tons, increasing 3.3% year on year.
Nanchang Port is located in the lower reaches of Ganjiang River, adjoining to Poyang Lake, is an important waterway transport hub in Jiangxi and one of 28 major inland ports in China. It currently has 44 terminals, 90 berths and 101 loading and unloading machines. The port completes goods throughout of 32.8119 million tons throughout the year, increasing 20.32% year on year, including 31.3509 tons for import and 1461 thousand tons for export; completing container throughout of 133,314 TEUs, increasing 16.8% year on year, including 67,315 ones for import, increasing 17.33% year on year, and 65,999 ones for export, increasing 16.8% year on year. In 2017, Longtougang Integrated Terminal Project, a key construction project in Nanchang Port, was completed and put into trial operation; the construction scale of the project is four 2000-ton level berths, designed annual container throughout of 200 thousand TEUs, general cargo of 1.8 tons; the putting into operation of the project has greatly improved the handling capacity of Nanchang Port. The application of Integrated Terminal of Yaowan Operation Area for using port shoreline has stepped into approval phase; the project owns an investment of 2.5 billion yuan, uses port shoreline of 1905m; it will build eighteen 2000-ton level multi-functional berths for bulk cargo and general cargo, with designed annual throughout of 5.4 million tons of general cargo, 5 million tons of bulk cargo and 150 thousand TEUs.
Nanchang Integrated Bonded Zone: The State Council issued Official Reply of the State Council on Integrating and Optimizing Nanchang Export Processing Zone to Integrated Bonded Zone (G.H.No.38) on February 9, 2016, marking the official establishment upon approval of Nanchang Integrated Bonded Zone. It adopts the form of “one zone and two parts”, with total planning land area of 2km2. Part One is the Area A of original Nanchang Export Processing Zone located in High-tech Zone of Nanchang, with planning land area of 0.31km2; Part Two is the removed expansion area of the Area B of original Nanchang Export Processing Zone located in Nanchang Airport Economic Zone, with planning land area of 1.69km2.
Nanchang Integrated Bonded Zone successfully passed the pre-assessment and acceptance led and organized by Nanchang Customs, and passed the official acceptance inspection led and organized by General Administration of Customs on May 11. Nanchang Integrated Bonded Zone includes such four major functions as bonded logistics, bonded processing, bonded service and port logistics. In the process of future development, Nanchang Integrated Bonded Zone will set foot in integrated bonded service, link with general requirements on free trade agreement and serving the province, and become the new engine facilitating the opening-up and regional coordinated development of Jiangxi Province.
Sea-Railway Combined Transportation: Railway port operation area of Nanchangbei Station and 933 Good Yards of Jiangxi Reserve Supplies Administration (Nanchang County) have opened international container sea-railway combined transportation trains from Nanchang to Shenzhen (Hong Kong), Nanchang to Xiamen and Nanchang to Ningbo; the above trains enjoy 15%-50% discount for freight offered by railway department.